The United Nations General Assembly declared 5 November to be World Tsunami Awareness Day and charged the UN Office for Tragedy Risk Reduction with organizing commemorations of the tsunami disaster across the world. Japan created World Tsunami Awareness Day to inspire nations, international organizations, and civil society to spread information about tsunamis and creative risk-reduction strategies.
In four maritime zones, IOC-UNESCO is striving to lessen coastal tsunami vulnerability. The organization supports World Tsunami Awareness Day by participating in briefings, roundtables, scientific seminars, regional exercises, paper presentations, films, and press conferences with Member States.
World Tsunami Awareness Day: History
The United Nations declared November 5th as World Tsunami Awareness Day in resolution 70/23, which was adopted on December 22nd, 2015. Even though they happen seldom, tsunamis are one of the deadliest and most destructive natural disasters. There are no limitations because it doesn’t just affect coastal regions. They also reach and demolish towns and cities that are not near the shore.
The most susceptible places in the event of a tsunami are coastal areas. Although tsunamis can be catastrophic, they frequently come with natural warning signs. It could involve a violent earthquake, a volcanic explosion, or a remarkable retreat of water that reveals the ocean floor. To increase awareness on a worldwide scale, international collaboration is crucial.
Approximately 58 tsunamis have occurred in the previous 100 years, claiming more than 260,000 people. More than any other natural calamity, this is it. When the Indian Ocean Tsunami struck in December 2004, the majority of these 100-year-old fatalities took place. In 14 nations, including Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, and Thailand, almost 227,000 people lost their lives. The world community gathered in Kobe, Japan, only three weeks after the disaster, and nations there endorsed his 10-year Hyogo Framework for Action. The first comprehensive international agreement on catastrophe risk reduction was this one.
Rapid urbanization and increased tourism in tsunami-affected areas have increased the number of people in danger. This is why it’s crucial that everyone does their part to drastically lower the death toll from natural disasters.
World Tsunami Awareness Day: Its Importance
Tsunamis are uncommon. They are really lethal, though. There have been 58 tsunamis in the previous 100 years, killing more than 260,000 people. More people die from a single natural catastrophe than any other, with an average death toll of 4,600. But such a significant influence is unavoidable. Systems for the early warning can save lives. Communities and individuals must also be aware of how and where to flee before the tsunami arrives. A tsunami has no regard for borders. Therefore, international collaboration is crucial to enhancing public and political awareness of risk reduction strategies. This year will be the inaugural World Tsunami Awareness Day, which the UN General Assembly proclaimed to be observed on November 5 this year.
FAQs about World Tsunami Awareness Day
1. Why is it crucial to understand tsunamis?
Coastal regions need to be aware that tsunamis can happen minutes after a significant earthquake. To enable you to save lives by acting swiftly.
2. Was there a recent tsunami?
A magnitude 7.5 earthquake that occurred in August 2021 close to the South Sandwich Islands caused a worldwide tsunami.
3. Can you stop a tsunami?
Although tsunamis cannot be stopped, their consequences can be lessened by communities that are aware of the hazards, give prompt warnings, and know how to react.