By |01 Feb 2023 at 12:30 AM
World Aspergillosis Day 2023: Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment

February 1 marks an important day for those living with or affected by aspergillosis; World Aspergillosis Day. This annual event is dedicated to raising awareness of the fungal infection, which affects millions of people around the world. Aspergillosis is a type of lung infection caused by fungi in the genus Aspergillus. It can lead to a range of symptoms and complications, including asthma, bronchitis, sinusitis, and even death. Although it is treatable, many people are still unaware of the condition and its associated risks. In this blog post, we will explore what World Aspergillosis Day is all about and how you can get involved to help spread awareness and support those living with this condition.

What is Aspergillosis?

Aspergillosis is a serious and potentially life-threatening fungal infection. It most often affects people with weak immune systems, but can also occur in healthy people. The fungus is found in soil, on decaying leaves, and in bird droppings. It can also be found in some building materials, such as insulation. When the fungus becomes airborne, it can be inhaled into the lungs, where it can cause an infection. Symptoms of aspergillosis include coughing, wheezing, chest pain, and shortness of breath. If the infection spreads to other parts of the body, it can cause fever, weight loss, and fatigue. Aspergillosis is treated with antifungal medications. In some cases, surgery may also be necessary to remove infected tissue.

The Different Types of Aspergillosis

There are four main types of aspergillosis, each with its own set of symptoms:

Invasive aspergillosis: This is the most serious type of aspergillosis and can be fatal. It occurs when the fungus invades the lungs and spreads to other parts of the body. Symptoms include coughing up blood, chest pain, shortness of breath, and fatigue.

Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA): This is a less serious form of aspergillosis that affects people with asthma or allergies. Symptoms include wheezing, coughing, and shortness of breath.

Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis: This is a long-term infection of the lungs that can cause coughing, weight loss, and fatigue.

Aspergilloma: This is a growth of Aspergillus fungus in a pre-existing cavity in the lung. It typically doesn’t cause any symptoms but can be associated with cough and bloody sputum.

While there are four main types of aspergillosis, there are also many subtypes that have been identified. The most common subtypes are allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA), chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA), and invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA).

What Are the Risk Factors for Aspergillosis?

There are several risk factors for aspergillosis, which is a type of fungal infection. People with weak immune systems or who have had recent surgery are at a higher risk for aspergillosis. Other risk factors include being a smoker, working in certain industries (like construction or agriculture), and having certain medical conditions (like COPD). Aspergillosis can be a serious infection, so it’s important to be aware of the risks and to see a doctor if you think you may be infected.

How is Aspergillosis Diagnosed?

There are several ways to diagnose aspergillosis. The most common is through a CT scan of the lungs, which can show evidence of an infection. Blood tests can also be helpful in diagnosing aspergillosis, as they can detect antibodies that the body produces in response to an infection. In some cases, a biopsy of infected tissue may be necessary to confirm a diagnosis.

Treatment for Aspergillosis

The mainstay of therapy for aspergillosis is antifungal drugs. Amphotericin B was the first effective antifungal medication and is still considered the “gold standard” for treating serious invasive aspergillosis. However, it can cause serious side effects, including kidney damage. As a result, amphotericin B is usually reserved for patients with the most severe infections.

Azoles are a class of antifungal drugs that includes clotrimazole, ketoconazole, itraconazole, and voriconazole. These medications are often used to treat aspergillosis because they are less likely to cause serious side effects than amphotericin B. Azoles are typically taken orally (by mouth) or intravenously (through a vein).

There are several other antifungal drugs that may be used to treat aspergillosis, including posaconazole, isavuconazole, caspofungin, anidulafungin, micafungin, and fluconazole. These medications may be used alone or in combination with other antifungal drugs.

Prevention of Aspergillosis

Aspergillosis is a fungal infection that can be serious, and even deadly. February 5th is World Aspergillosis Day, a day to raise awareness of this often-misunderstood disease.

There are many ways to prevent aspergillosis, both for those who are at risk and for the general population. Some simple tips include:

-Wearing a mask when around dust or mold
-Avoiding areas with high levels of mold or dust
-Staying indoors when the pollen count is high
-Keeping your home clean and free of mold and dust
-Disinfecting any cuts or scrapes immediately

following these tips can help prevent aspergillosis, especially for those who are at risk.


World Aspergillosis Day is an important day to raise awareness of the disease, its symptoms and treatments. The date was chosen because it signifies the beginning of a new year and a chance for everyone to stand united in their commitment to helping those affected by this debilitating condition. By spreading knowledge, we can help more people get diagnosed early so they can receive treatment sooner and improve their quality of life. We hope that you join us on February 1, 2023 in recognizing World Aspergillosis Day!


2023February 1Wednesday
2024February 1Thursday
2025February 1Saturday
2026February 1Sunday
2027February 1Monday