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Bharathidasan Biography: Early Life, Career, Works, Awards, Legacy, Death Anniversary

Bharathidasan was born to Kanagasabai Mudaliar and Lakshmi Ammal a prosperous Pondicherry merchant family. Subburathinam was his birth name.

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Bharathidasan Biography: Kanakasabai Subburathinam (Tamil: 29 April 1891 – 21 April 1964; popularly known as Bharathidasan) was a Tamil poet and rationalist of the 20th century whose works focused primarily on sociopolitical issues. His writings stimulated the development of the Dravidian movement in Tamil Nadu. In addition to poetry, his viewpoints were also expressed in plays, film scripts, short stories, and essays. He was mentored by a man named Bharathi Mudaliar, after whom he took the name “Bharathidasan” (it is a fallacy that he was named after Subramaniya bharathiyar). The government of the Puducherry union territory has adopted Bharathidasan’s song of invocation to Goddess Tamil as the Puducherry state anthem.

Bharathidasan Biography

Early Life

Bharathidasan was born to Kanagasabai Mudaliar and Lakshmi Ammal a prosperous Pondicherry merchant family. Subburathinam was his birth name. Renowned academics who were experts in Tamil literature, Tamil grammar, and Saiva Siddhanta Vedanta instructed him. He studied at Pondicherry’s Collège Calvé. Bharathidasan met Subramaniya Bharathiyar in 1909, and his interactions with the Mahakavi had a profound effect on him. He began his career as a Tamil instructor in the French territory of Karaikal.

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He actively participated in the Indian Independence Movement and openly opposed the British and French governments in his writings. The French government sentenced and imprisoned him for speaking out against the French government that ruled Pondicherry at the time.

Throughout his writing career, political leaders including Annadurai, M. Karunanidhi, Tanjore Poet Ramanathan, and M. G. Ramachandran encouraged him. He was first elected to Puducherry’s legislative assembly in 1955. He lost the 1960 election. Bharathidasan continued to be a prolific writer until he died in a hospital in Madras (now Chennai) in 1964.

Hassanal Bolkiah Biography: Age, Birthday, Career, Assets, Personal Life, Net worth

Kanaka Subburathinam career

Kanaka Subburathinam is a renowned Tamil writer and poet who has contributed significantly to Tamil literature. The 14th of January, 1931, he was born in Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India.

Subburathinam began his career as a teacher and subsequently worked in the Education Department of the Tamil Nadu government. He composed over 200 works of poetry, fiction, and nonfiction in Tamil. His collections of poetry are titled “Nenjukku Needhi,” “Udalin Mozhi,” and “Sirpiyum Sattruvarum.”

Subburathinam also contributed to the advancement of the Tamil language. In addition to developing new Tamil words, he promoted the language in all spheres of life. His book Sirpiyum Sattruvarum received the Sahitya Akademi Award in 1995.

The death of Subburathinam occurred on September 18, 2016, at the age of 85. His contributions to Tamil literature and language continue to influence and inspire successive generations of Tamil authors and readers.

Literary Works

Bharathidasan penned his works under various pseudonyms such as Paavendar, Puduvai Kalaimakal, Desopakari, Desabhaktan, Anantapotini, Swadesamitiran, Tamilarasu, Tupleks, Kirukkan, Kindalkaran and the name by which he is known today — Bharathidasan.

His works consist of:

  • Thamizhachi Kathi Srimayilam Suppiramaniar Thuthiyamuthu
  • Sanjivi Parvathin Saaral Edhirpaaraadha Mutham
  • Kaadhal Ninaivugal
  • Nalla Theerppu
  • Alagin Sirippu
  • Kudumba Vilakku
  • Pandiyan Parisu Irunda Veedu
  • Tamil Illakiyam
  • Amaidhi — Oomai
  • Saumiyan Kavingar Pesugiraar Kadhala Kadamaiya
  • Hindi Ethurppu Paadalgal
  • Kannagi Puratchi Kaapiyam
  • Manimekalai Venpa Panmanithiral
  • Tenaruvi Isai Paadalgal
  • Poetry adapted for film lyrics
  • Thamizhukum Amudenru per Sanke Muzhangu
  • Thunbam nergaiyil
  • Thesa gnanam
  • Neelavana aadaikul
  • Valiyor silar
  • Muzhumai Nila Chithirai Pallikudam
  • Kalyanam aagatha penae
  • Kaatrilellam
  • Kandavudal kadal
  • Vaanukku nilavu
  • Paazhai pona manam
  • Vaana mazhai neeye
  • Avalum Naanum Amudhum Thamizhum
  • “P.Susheela – special songs” Retrieved 11 November 2016.
  • A. R. Rahman (17 June 2016). “Achcham Yenbadhu Madamaiyada (Original
  • Motion Picture Soundtrack)” iTunes (Apple Inc.) (translated into Tamil). VMS Music Publishing and Recording. Retrieved 11 November 2016.


Anna bestowed the title “Puratchi Kavingyar” (meaning “Revolutionary Poet”) upon Bharathidasan. In 1946, he received the Golden Parrot Award for his play Amaithi-Oomai (Peace and Dumbness). He was posthumously awarded the Sahitya Academy award in 1970 for his play Pisiranthaiyar.
The Postal Department in Chennai published a commemorative stamp of Bharathidasan on October 9, 2001.


  • The state administration of Tamil Nadu annually presents the Bharathidasan Award to a Tamil poet.
  • The government of the union territory of Puducherry has adopted Bharathidasan’s song of invocation to Goddess Tamil as the Puducherry state anthem.
  • In Tiruchirappalli, a state university named Bharathidasan University was established.
  • Bharathidasan Institute of Management, the premier business institution in India, was established in Tiruchirappalli.

Bharathidasan Biography: Kanaka Subburathinam Death

The renowned Tamil writer and poet Kanaka Subburathinam passed away on September 18, 2016, at the age of 85. His age-related ailments were being treated in a private facility in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. The literary community, as well as his devotees and admirers, lamented his passing in great numbers. Subburathinam’s contributions to Tamil literature and language have left an indelible mark and continue to inspire new generations of Tamil authors and readers.

Eric Joseph Gomes
Eric Joseph Gomes
Seasoned professional blog writer with a passion for delivering high-quality content that informs, educates, and engages readers.

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