Vladimir Lenin Biography: Vladimir Lenin was a Russian revolutionary, politician, and political theorist who was born on April 22, 1870. Lenin was the creator of the Russian Communist Party and the architect of the Soviet state. Additionally, he commanded the Bolshevik Revolution. He was the posthumous creator of Leninism, which Lenin’s successors formalised and combined with Marx’s works to create Marxism-Leninism, the Communist worldview. He has been acclaimed as the greatest revolutionary leader and thinker since Marx. Lenin is widely regarded as one of the most influential and divisive political figures of the 20th century, and as today is his birthday, we are here to honour him.
Vladimir Lenin Birthday
Vladimir Lenin is widely regarded as the 20th century’s most influential political leader and revolutionary statesman. Lenin was born on April 22, 1870, in Simbirsk, Russia. His astrological sign is Taurus, and his ancestry is Russian, German, and Swedish. He was born into a middle-class family to Ilya Nikolaevich Ulyanov and Anna Alexeyeva Smirnova. In 1887, after his brother was executed for attempting to assassinate Czar Alexander III, Lenin adopted revolutionary socialist ideology. Participating in an unlawful student protest resulted in Lenin’s expulsion from Kazan Imperial University, where he was studying law. After his expulsion, Lenin immersed himself in radical political literature, primarily the teachings of German philosopher and socialist Karl Marx, author of “Das Kapital.” In 1889, Lenin designated himself as a Marxist. He graduated from college and obtained a law degree. Midway through the 1890s, Lenin briefly practised law in St. Petersburg. Shortly thereafter, he was arrested and deported to Siberia for his participation in Marxist activities. His fiancée and future wife, Nadezhda Krupskaya, accompanied him there, and on July 22, 1898, they were married.
Lenin later moved to Germany and Switzerland, where he met other European Marxists. During this period, he assumed the alias Lenin and founded the Bolshevik Party. Lenin contended that Russia’s defeat in World War I would hasten the revolution he desired. During this time, he wrote and published “Imperialism,” “The Highest Stage of Capitalism” (1916), a book in which he argued that international capitalism inevitably led to conflict. In 1917, a fatigued, hungry, and war-weary Russia overthrew the tsars. Lenin quickly returned home and condemned the newly formed Provisional Government, perhaps anticipating his own rise to power. Lenin advocated for a Soviet government that was directly governed by soldiers, peasants, and workers. Lenin led what became known as the October Revolution in late 1917, but was essentially a coup d’état. The Soviet government under Lenin confronted formidable obstacles. Led primarily by former tsarist generals and admirals, anti-Soviet forces fought valiantly to destabilise Lenin’s administration. Lenin, who was determined to win at any cost, pursued power with brutality. Lenin initiated what became known as the Red Terror, a merciless campaign to eliminate resistance among the civilian population.
In August 1918, when Lenin was severely wounded by two bullets from a political opponent, he narrowly escaped an assassination attempt. Even though his health never completely recovered, his recuperation only added to his legendary status among his compatriots. In 1921, Lenin faced the same type of peasant uprising that propelled him to power in 1917. The government of Lenin was threatened by widespread uprisings in both urban and rural areas of the country. Lenin implemented the New Economic Policy to combat the situation, which allowed labourers to sell their grain on the open market.
On January 21, 1924, Lenin perished in Gorki Leninskiye, a village near Moscow. The man was 53 years old at the time. At that juncture, Stalin had already risen to power. A million people braved the harsh Russian winter to stand in queue for hours at the House of Trade Unions in Moscow to pay their respects to Lenin. Lenin’s corpse was moved multiple times after his death, from a mausoleum on Moscow’s Red Square to Tyumen, Russia, for safekeeping during World War II. His embalmed body is still on exhibit at Lenin’s mausoleum in Red Square.
Vladimir Lenin Net Worth, Height
|Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov
|April 22, 1870
|January 21, 1924 (age 53)
Vladimir Lenin Biography: 5 SURPRISING FACTS
Lenin was imprisoned for his political activity and sentenced to three years in Siberia after spending more than a year in prison.
In order to confound the authorities, he assumed the alias Lenin.
Lenin held an autocratic philosophy and lacked compassion for political opponents.
In the last few years of his life, Lenin suffered three seizures in the span of two years, which ultimately led to his demise.
His corpse was mummified and placed in a permanent tomb of granite on Moscow’s Red Square.