KBC 14: Lumpy skin disease, also known as Neethling virus, is an infectious disease largely prevalent in which of these organisms?
Lumpy skin disease is a viral infection that primarily affects cattle. It is spread by blood-feeding insects such as flies and mosquitoes, as well as ticks.
It causes fever, nodules on the skin, and death, particularly in animals that have never been exposed to the virus. Vaccinations and culling infected animals are two options for control.
Lumpy skin disease can result in significant financial losses.
Many African countries have the disease. It spread from the Middle East to south-east Europe in 2012, affecting EU Member States (Greece and Bulgaria) as well as several other Balkan countries. Since then, a vaccination campaign has brought the epidemic to a halt in south-east Europe.