Related Posts

Satyajit Ray Biography: Birthday, Early Life, Career, Awards, Personal Life, Facts

Ray was the first Indian to be awarded the prestigious Oscar. The Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement was bestowed upon him.

- Advertisement -

Satyajit Ray Biography: Satyajit Ray, (born May 2, 1921, Calcutta [now Kolkata], India; died April 23, 1992, Calcutta), Bengali film director, writer, and illustrator whose Pather Panchali (1955; The Song of the Road) and its two sequels, known as the Apu Trilogy, brought the Indian cinema to international prominence. Ray was renowned as a director for his humanity, versatility, and meticulous control over his films and their soundtrack. He was one of the 20th century’s finest filmmakers.

Satyajit Ray Biography

Early years

Ray was a singleton whose father passed away in 1923. His grandfather was a writer and illustrator, and his father wrote and illustrated Bengali absurd verse. Ray’s mother raised him in Calcutta (now Kolkata), where he grew up. He attended a government school, where he was primarily instructed in Bengali, and then attended the Presidency institution, the premier institution in Calcutta, where he was instructed in English. By 1940, when he graduated, he was proficient in both languages. In 1940, his mother persuaded him to attend art school at Rabindranath Tagore’s rural university located north of Calcutta, Santiniketan. There, Ray, whose interests had previously been exclusively urban and Western, was exposed to Indian and other Eastern art and acquired a deeper appreciation for both Eastern and Western culture, a combination that is evident in his films.

- Advertisement -

Ray had long been an ardent moviegoer, and his growing interest in the medium led to his first attempts at writing screenplays and cofounding the Calcutta Film Society in 1947. The French director Jean Renoir, who was filming The River in Bengal in 1949, encouraged Ray to pursue his cinematic aspirations. The success of Vittorio De Sica’s The Bicycle Thief (1948), a film with a depressing plot and sparse production values (location filming with nonprofessional actors), persuaded Satyajit Ray to endeavour to film Pather Panchali.

The career and accomplishments of Satyajit Ray:

Satyajit began his professional career as a novice visualiser at the British advertising agency D.J. Keymer, earning 80 rupees per month. Even though Ray was regarded well at the organisation, there was a disparity between the British and Indian employees as a result of the tension between the British and Indian employees.

Pather Panchali (1955), Satyajit’s first film, garnered eleven international awards and the inaugural award for Best Human Document at the 1956 Cannes Film Festival. Feluda, the Sleuth, and Professor Shonku are two of Satyajit’s most well-known fictional scientists. Satyajit Ray’s Tarini Khuro, the storyteller, and Lalmohan Ganguly, the novelist, are also well-known fictional characters.

Throughout his career, Satyajit has won numerous awards, including 32 Indian National Film Awards, a Golden Lion, a Golden Bear, two Silver Bears, and numerous other accolades at international film festivals and ceremonies, as well as an Academy Honorary Award in 1992. Ray was also awarded the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour bestowed by the Government of India in 1992.

Iqbal Singh Kingra Biography: Birthday, Early Life, Education, Career, Awards, Works, Controversies, Death


Satyajit Ray was honoured with numerous accolades, including 36 National Film Awards from the Government of India and awards at international film festivals. In 1979, at the eleventh Moscow International Film Festival, he was awarded the Honourable Prize for contributions to cinema. Only four filmmakers have won the Silver Bear for Best Director at the Berlin International Film Festival more than once, and he retains the record for the most Golden Bear nominations. In 1982, he received the Golden Lion Honorary Award at the Venice Film Festival and the “Hommage à Satyajit Ray” award at the Cannes Film Festival. He received the Padma Bhushan in 1965 and the Bharat Ratna, the highest civilian honour, shortly before his demise.

In 1992, the Sight & Sound Critics’ Top Ten Poll ranked him seventh among the “Top 10 Directors” of all time, making him the highest-ranking Asian filmmaker in the poll. In 2002, the Sight & Sound Critics’ and Directors’ Poll ranked him as the fourth finest director of all time, placing him at No. 22 on its list of the greatest directors of all time.

Personal Life

The real-life romance of Satyajit Ray was a typical Bollywood drama. Manik (Satyajit Ray) and Bijoya (Ray’s wife) dated for eight years, secretly married, and then devised a cunning plot to convince the two families to approve of their union. Ray was younger than Bijoya and a close relative, so they decided at first not to marry. However, fate had other plans in store. When Bijoya relocated to Mumbai for better filmmaking opportunities, Ray frequently wrote love letters and travelled from Kolkata to meet his fiancée.

As time passed, their relationship grew stronger, and they eventually realised that marriage was inevitable. Satyajit Ray and Bijoya Ray chose a marriage by registration in Mumbai without informing their families. The legendary theatre and film actor Prithviraj Kapoor and his wife blessed the newlyweds at a modest reception. When it did occur, they were divided between joy and agony because they were forced to keep their marriage a secret. Ray revealed everything to their family friend and physician, Nosho Babu, who devised a cunning scheme to persuade Ray’s mother to consent to the marriage.

After much persuasion, Ray’s mother eventually agreed, and the couple remarried on March 3, 1949, according to Bengali traditions. Bijoya Ray was involved with Ray in every conceivable manner, beginning with ‘Pather Panchali’ and ending with his passing.

Facts about Satyajit Ray

  • Ray’s films have been honoured with 32 National Awards.
  • In 1987, the President of France presented Ray with the Légion d’honneur.
  • In 1962, Ray produced Kanchenjunga, the first Bengali colour film.
  • Before entering the film industry, Ray worked as a graphic designer and designed covers for publications such as Jawahar Lal Nehru’s Discovery of India.
  • Pather Panchali, his first film, took three years to complete and was produced on a shoestring budget.
  • Ray co-founded the Calcutta Cinema Society with other cinema historians and contemporaries in 1947.
  • Ray was the first Indian to be awarded the prestigious Oscar. The Academy Award for Lifetime Achievement was bestowed upon him.
  • The Government of India awarded Ray the Bharat Ratna before his passing.
Eric Joseph Gomes
Eric Joseph Gomes
Seasoned professional blog writer with a passion for delivering high-quality content that informs, educates, and engages readers.

Popular Articles

We use cookies to personalise content and ads, to provide social media features and to analyse our traffic. We also share information about your use of our site with our social media, advertising and analytics partners. View more
Cookies settings
Privacy & Cookie policy
Privacy & Cookies policy
Cookie name Active
  1. General
  • (1.1.) Eduvast (“Eduvast”, “We”, “Our”, “Us”) is committed to the protection of personal information provided by the users (“You”,“Your”,“User”) to Eduvast. You agree that Your use of Eduvast implies Your consent to the collection, retention and use of Your personal information in accordance with the terms of this Privacy Policy (“Privacy Policy”).
  • (1.2.) We take the privacy of our Users seriously. We are committed to safeguarding the privacy of Users while providing personalized and valuable service.
  • (1.3.) While We do Our best to protect Your information, particularly with respect to the protection of Your personal data, Eduvast cannot ensure the security of Your data transmitted via the internet, telephone or any other networks.
  • (1.4.) Access to the contents available  is conditional upon Your acceptance of this Privacy Policy which should be read together with the End User License Agreement“EULA”.
  • (1.5.) If You do not agree to any of the provisions of this Privacy Policy or EULA, You should not download, install and use the App. We may revise, alter, add, amend or modify this Privacy Policy at any time by updating this privacy policy. By downloading, installing and/or using this App, You agree to be bound by any such alteration, amendment, addition or modification.
2. Information Collected Non Personal Information
  • (2.1.) We may collect non-personal information about You whenever You access or interact with Our Website or any of the related services. This includes but not limited to browser name, version, server location, device specific information such as the type of device used, users’ operating system and version, your mobile devices unique device ID, third party apps or App or service that referred users to App, language preference, means of connection to App, internet service providers, IP address, technical information, google advertising ID (GAID), IDFA, GAID Opt-out Status, location information, interaction of Your device with the App and applications, details of Your device including without limitation its manufacturer details, height and width of your device screen, model, version, UDID or IMEI Number and other similar information about You(collectively "Traffic Data”). Personal Information
  • (2.2.) 2.2. We may collect personal information that identifies You in a variety of ways, including, but not limited to the information submitted during download and installation of the App or in connection with registration for other activities or features offered through the App. Personally identifiable information collected may include name, mailing address, email address, phone number and demographic information such as gender, nationality, postcode and other personal information including but not limited to date, time or place of birth ("Personal Information"). If You communicate with Us by, for example, e-mail or letter, any information provided in such communication may be collected by Eduvast.
  • (2.3.) Our website may transmit your Personal Information to our internal servers. This Personal Information is immediately deleted once you delete the App, except to the extent it is necessary to store the same under applicable laws. Further, we have implemented commercially reasonable physical, managerial, operational and technical security measures to protect the loss, misuse and alteration and to preserve the security of the Personal Information in our care.Finally, this information is used strictly in line with our business purposes.
  • (2.4.) You understand that once You leave Our servers, use of any information You provide shall be governed by the privacy policy of the operator of the site used by You.
3. Disclosure of Personal Information
    • (3.1.) We do not disclose Your Personal Information to any third parties other than as may be required by us, Eduvast’s affiliates, partners, trusted business networks, in compliance with our Privacy Policy for the purpose of moderating the content of the Website, enhancing Your user experience, providing You localised content and to enable Us and Our partners to provide You with targeted information which may be of benefit to you.
    • (3.2.) To enhance customer experience and to provide focused support, we may share generic aggregated demographic information which may include Your information collected by Us but not linked to any personally identifiable information regarding visitors and users with Our business partners, trusted affiliates and advertisers for the purposes outlined above.
    • (3.3.) At times We are required by law or litigation to disclose personal information about the users. We may also disclose information about the user if We determine that disclosure of information is necessary for national security, law enforcement, or other issues of public importance.
    • (3.4.) We use Our best efforts to use information in aggregate form (so that no individual User is identified) for the following purposes:
(3.4.1) To build up marketing profiles; (3.4.2) To aid strategic development, data collection and business analytics; (3.4.3) To manage our relationship with advertisers and partners; (3.4.4) 3.4.4. To audit usage of Our website i.e. (3.4.5) 3.4.5. To enhance user experience in relation to the App and Our website (collectively, “Permitted Use”).
  • (3.5.) We reserve the right to disclose Personal Information if required to do so by law or if we believe that it is necessary to do so to protect and defend the rights, property or personal safety of Eduvast, the App, or Users.
4. Cookies
  • (4.1.) Whenever You access the App We may place "cookies" on Your hard drive for record-keeping purposes to enhance Your experience or sometimes to personalize Your experience. Cookies are small text files that are placed on Your device's hard drive by the App You visit. Cookies help Us to identify information relating Your activities and to retain information relating to Your preferences and history on the App.
  • (4.2.) Ad targeting cookies: We and/or Our service providers may use advertising cookies to deliver ads that are more relevant to You and Your interests.
  • (4.3.) You may choose to disable cookies by turning off cookie feature on the web browser. However, by disabling this feature, some parts of the App may not function properly. This may prevent You from taking full advantage of the App.
5. Confidentiality
    • (5.1.) Except as otherwise provided in this Privacy Policy, We will keep Your Personal Information private and will not share it with third parties, unless We believe in good faith that disclosure of Your Personal Information or any other information We collect about You is necessary for Permitted Use or to:
(5.1.1.) Comply with a court order or other legal process; (5.1.2.) Protect the rights, property or safety of Eduvast or another party; (5.1.3.) Enforce the Agreement, including EULA; or (5.1.4.) Respond to claims that any posting or other content violates the rights of third-parties. 6. Security
  • (6.1.) The security of Your Personal Information is important to Us. We follow generally accepted industry standards to protect the Personal Information submitted to Us, both during transmission and once We receive it.
  • (6.2.) Although We make best possible efforts to store Personal Information in a secure operating environment which is not open to the public, You should understand that there is no such thing as complete security, and We do not guarantee that there will be no unintended disclosures of Your Personal Information. If We become aware that Your Personal Information has been disclosed in a manner not in accordance with this Privacy Policy, We will use reasonable efforts to notify You of the nature and extent of such disclosure (to the extent We know that information) as soon as reasonably possible and as permitted by law.
7. Updates and Changes to Privacy Policy
  • We reserve the right, at any time, to add to, change, update, or modify this Privacy Policy so please review it frequently. In all cases, use of information We collect is subject to the Privacy Policy in effect at the time such information is collected. You hereby acknowledge and agree that it is Your responsibility to review this Privacy Policy periodically and become aware of the modifications. If You disagree to any of the changes to the Privacy Policy, You shall refrain from using or accessing the App. Your continued use of the App following the posting of the revised Policy shall indicate Your acceptance and acknowledgment of the changes and You will be bound by it.
8. Updates and Changes to Your Personal Information
  • You have a right to correct any errors in Your Personal Information available with Us. You may request Us in writing that We cease to use Your Personal Information.
9. Contact Us
  • You may write to us at [email protected] for any privacy concerns and requests relating to this EULA and Privacy Policy.
Save settings
Cookies settings