Parakram Diwas, Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti 2023: You give me your blood, and I will give you your freedom…. Jai Hind! Tomorrow, January 23, marks the 127th birthday of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose, who revitalised the country’s freedom struggle with charismatic slogans such as Dilli Chalo. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose is regarded as one of India’s greatest freedom fighters by today’s youth. Netaji’s biography, thoughts, and harsh sacrifice as one of the country’s freedom fighters are very inspiring for today’s youth. Netaji’s birthday is being observed as Bravery Day by the Government of India.
Subhash Chandra Bose Jayanti 2023: Learn about 10 unique aspects of his life
1. Mr. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was born in Cuttack, Bengal Division, Odisha on January 23, 1897. Janakinath Bose was Bose’s father, and Prabhavati was his mother. Jankinath Bose was a well-known Cuttack lawyer. Prabhavati and Jankinath Bose had 14 children in total, with 6 daughters and 8 sons. Subhash Chandra was his ninth and fifth son.
2. Netaji received his early education at Ravenshaw Collegiate School in Cuttack. Following that, he attended Presidency College and Scottish Church College in Kolkata. Following this, Bose’s parents sent him to Cambridge University in England to study for the Indian Administrative Service (Indian Civil Service).
3. He passed the civil service examination in England in 1920 but left to join the Indian freedom struggle. After leaving the civil service, he joined the Indian National Congress to free India from British rule. He was deeply disturbed by the Jallianwala Bagh massacre.
4. While Mahatma Gandhi led the liberal party in the Congress, Subhash Chandra Bose was the revolutionary party’s darling. That is why Netaji disagreed with Gandhiji. However, the goal of both was the same: to liberate India. Netaji believed that a strong revolution was required to drive the British out of India, whereas Gandhi advocated nonviolent resistance.
5. In 1938, Netaji was elected President of the Indian National Congress, and he established the National Planning Commission. Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose won the 1939 Congress session by defeating Pattabhi Sitaramaiya, who was standing in support of Gandhiji. The schism between Gandhi and Bose widened as a result, and Netaji left the Congress.
6. In 1937, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose married his secretary, an Austrian girl named Emily. Anita, the couple’s daughter, now lives in Germany with her family.
7. On 21 October 1943, Netaji formed the ‘Azad Hind Fauj’ to liberate India from the British, establishing the ‘Azad Hind Government’. Subhash Chandra Bose and his army then arrived in Burma (now Myanmar) on July 4, 1944. ‘You give me blood, I will give you freedom,’ he said here.
8. From 1921 to 1941, he was imprisoned several times for his support of Purna Swaraj. He believed that nonviolence could not lead to freedom. During WWII, he travelled to countries such as the Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, and Japan to seek cooperation against the British government.
9. Subhash Chandra Bose founded the Azad Hind radio station in Germany and led the East Asian Indian National Movement. Subhash Chandra Bose considered the Bhagavad Gita to be his primary source of inspiration.
10. Despite three commissions of inquiry, the mystery remains unsolved.
On August 18, 1945, Netaji went missing after a plane crash in Taipei. Three commissions of inquiry investigated the incident, two of which claimed that Netaji died as a result of the accident. While the third commission of inquiry, led by Justice MK Mukherjee, claimed that Netaji was still alive following the incident. Members of Bose’s family were also divided as a result of the controversy.
100 previously classified document have been made public.
Prime Minister Narendra Modi made public in 2016 the digital version of 100 classified files related to Subhash Chandra Bose that are housed in the National Archives in Delhi.