El Salvador Independence Day is September 15, 2022. On this day, the country will celebrate its independence from Spain after more than a century of colonial rule. Here are five facts about El Salvador’s Independence Day that you may not know.
The History of El Salvador
The other Central American countries of Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica join in because of the Act of Independence of Central America signed in Guatemala City in 1821. El Salvador is a country in Central America with mountains and flat plains that receives lots of rain.
In 1522, Andrés Niño, a Spanish navigator, led an expedition to Central America. He discovered Jiquilisco Bay and the Lempa River and then claimed the land in the name of Spain. The first known visit by Europeans to what is now Salvadoran territory took place this year. Soon after, Spanish conquistadors led by Pedro de Alvarado and his brother Gonzalo arrived in what is today the Republic of El Salvador. They were initially disappointed to discover the area wasn’t rich in gold, but they found the soil quality excellent.
Indigenous people living in the area put up stiff resistance to the Spanish. It was not until 1525 that the Spanish finally gained control of the area. El Salvador joined the Kingdom of Guatemala in 1609, which included the present-day nations of Costa Rica, Nicaragua, El Salvador, El Salvador, Guatemala, and the Mexican state of Chiapas.
As a result of Spain’s involvement in the Peninsular War, the country’s government was weakened. Additionally, local juntas were created as Spanish civilians revolted against King Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon Bonaparte’s brother, who was installed as ruler of Spain by the French. The desire for self-rule in Central America was epitomized in El Salvador, where the 1811 independence movement became famous for its cry for independence.
El Salvador declared its independence on September 15, 1821, when Central American states were declared independent from the Spanish Empire by the Act of Independence of Guatemala. After independence, the regions became part of the Mexican Empire until they were ceded to become the Federal Republic of Central America in 1823.
EL SALVADOR INDEPENDENCE DAY DATES