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Former Chief Ministers of Assam: Names and Tenure

From 1950 to 2024, Assam has been under the governance of fourteen Chief Ministers, with a comprehensive roster available for review.

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Former Chief Ministers of Assam: Since 1950, Assam has been under the governance of fourteen Chief Ministers in total. Examine the roster of former Assam chief ministers from 1950 to 2024.

Since its establishment, the northeastern Indian state of Assam has experienced a turbulent political environment. Assam has had several Chief Ministers in charge since it became a state in 1950, and their administrations have had a big impact on the state’s political, social, and economic development. The current year is 2024. An examination of the roster of past Chief Ministers who have guided Assam through a succession of adversities and successes shall ensue.

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Who is the Chief Minister of a State?

The Chief Minister of India functions as the chief of state government, endowed with substantial executive power, notwithstanding the Constitution’s designation of the Governor as the official head. The procedural aspects of the Chief Minister and other ministerial appointments are delineated in Article 164 of the Indian Constitution. The Chief Minister assumes a pivotal role in governance, directing the administrative and decision-making operations of the state.

Chief Ministers of Assam

Assam has been under the governance of fourteen chief ministers since 1950. The recent inauguration of Himanta Biswa Sarma as the 15th Chief Minister of Assam signifies his elevation to the position. Throughout the years, the leadership of Assam has been comprised of a succession of premiers, whose policies and governance have significantly impacted the state’s political, social, and economic environment.

First Chief Minister of Assam

Gopinath Bordoloi, who served as the first Chief Minister of Assam from 1946 to 1950, was a respected politician and a prominent Indian freedom fighter. The North-East Frontier Tribal Areas and Assam Excluded and Partially Excluded Areas Subcommittee were among the critical committees that he presided over. His adherence to Gandhian ideals, particularly nonviolence, had a significant political influence on Bordoloi. He was bestowed with the honorific “Lokpriya” designation by the Governor of Assam, Jayram Das Doulatram, in recognition of his philanthropic endeavors; this designation signified his enormous popularity and devotion to the Assamese people.

Current Chief Minister of Assam

On May 10, 2021, Dr. Himanta Biswa Sarma assumed the position of 15th Chief Minister of Assam, succeeding Sarbananda Sonowal. Upon being sworn in, Sarma assumed the leadership of the state, ushering in an unprecedented era in the governance of Assam. In his capacity as the incumbent Chief Minister, Sarma assumes the onus of guiding the state towards advancement and progress.

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First Woman Chief Minister of Assam

From December 6, 1980, to June 30, 1981, Syeda Anwara Taimur, a notable representative of the Indian National Congress party in Assam, established Assam’s first female and Muslim Chief Minister. By serving on the All India Congress Committee (AICC), she pioneered the advancement of women in the political sphere of Assam. At the time of writing in 2021, Himanta Biswa Sarma is serving as the Chief Minister of Assam.

The longest-serving Chief Minister of Assam

From 2001 to 2016, the esteemed Indian politician and attorney Tarun Gogoi served as the thirteenth Chief Minister of Assam. Gogoi continues to hold the record for the oldest tenure of any Chief Minister in the annals of Assam, owing to his renowned leadership. During his term, the state underwent substantial governance and development, which had an enduring effect on the political landscape of Assam.

Shortest-Serving Chief Minister of Assam

Bhumidhar Barman achieved the distinction for the most brief tenure as Chief Minister of Assam, with a duration of merely 22 days. Notwithstanding his short-lived tenure, Barman’s contribution to the political history of Assam continues to be significant, as it exemplifies the intricacies and complexities of the state’s governance during that period.

List of Former Chief Ministers of Assam (1950–2024)

Assam has been under the governance of fourteen chief ministers since 1950. The recent inauguration of Himanta Biswa Sarma as the 15th Chief Minister of Assam signifies his elevation to the position.

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The following is a list of Assam’s former chief ministers from 1950 to 2024:

Former Chief Ministers of Assam (1950–2024)
S. No. Name From To
1. Gopinath Bordoloi 11 Feb 1946 06 Aug 1950
2. Bishnu Ram Medhi 09 Aug 1950 27 Dec 1957
3. Bimala Prasad Chaliha 29 Dec 1957 06 Nov 1970
4. Mahendra Mohan Choudhary 11 Nov 1970 30 Jan 1972
5. Sarat Chandra Sinha 31 Jan 1972 12 Mar 1978
6. Golap Borbora 12 Mar 1978 04 Sep 1979
7. Jogendra Nath Hazarika 09 Sep 1979 11 Dec 1979
8. President’s Rule 12 Dev 1979 05 Dec 1980
9. Anwara Taimur 06 December 1980 30 Jun 1981
10. President’s Rule 30 Jun 1981 13 Jan 1982
11. Kesab Chandra Gogoi 13 Jan 1982 19 Mar 1982
12. Present’s Rule 19 Mar 1982 27 Feb 1983
13. Histeswar Saikia 27 Feb 1983 23 Dec 1985
14. Prafulla Kumar Mahanta 24 Dec 1985 28 Nov 1990
15. President’s Rule 28 Nov 1990 30 Jun 1991
16. Hiteswar Saikia 30 Jun 1991 22 April 1996
17. Bhumidhar Barman 22 Apr 1996 14 May 1996
18. Prafulla Kumar Mahanta 15 May 1996 17 May 2001
19. Tarun Gogoi 17 May 2001 24 May 2016
20. Sarbananda Sonowal 24 May 2016 10 May 2021
21. Himanta Biswa Sarma 10 May 2021 Present

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