Equatorial Guinea observes Independence Day annually on October 12. The occasion is commemorated on the day in 1968 that Equatorial Guinea was liberated from Spanish colonial rule. The nation is situated in the western central region of Africa and is composed of an extensive landmass as well as numerous islands. The Spanish language continues to be the official tongue of the country, as a result of centuries of Spanish dominance. In fact, more than eighteen provinces of the country recognize different languages, such as Nzebi, English, French, Portuguese, Hindi, Combo, Susu, Gujarati, Bubi, and Hassaniya Arabic.
The background of Equatorial Guinea Independence Day
It is believed that the Pygmies were the first inhabitants of Equatorial Guinea; this group persists only in remote regions of Rio Mundi. It is hypothesized that the Bantu people migrated to the area between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. The influx of the ‘Fang,’ ‘Igbo,’ ‘Bubi,’ and ‘Annobon’ peoples into Equatorial Guinea ultimately contributed to the country’s increased diversity.
Exploratory Fernão do Pó arrived in Equatorial Guinea first among the Portuguese in 1472 in search of an alternate route to India. The islands of Bioko and Annobón, where he initially established himself, were colonized in 1474. Ultimately, both the Spanish and the British established dominion over Equatorial Guinea. The indigenous peoples of the nation were eventually compelled to labor on the cacao plantations that sprung up throughout the region.
In the early 1960s, nationalism emerged, capitalizing on the fervent nationalist sentiments that swept through west-central Africa at the time. Spain, under pressure from the United Nations and nationalists, declared its intention to grant Equatorial Guinea independence. The populace promptly endorsed a constitution, and the nation elected Francisco Macías Nguema as its inaugural president on October 12, 1968. Following centuries of Spanish colonial rule, the country attained its independence. Nevertheless, in July 1971, the nation underwent a transformation into a one-party state, and Macias assumed power as an autocratic dictator.
5 fascinating details regarding Equatorial Guinea
Equatorial Guinea is the sole African nation in which Spanish is the official tongue.
Malabo serves as the capital of Equatorial Guinea.
In sub-Saharan Africa, Equatorial Guinea has the greatest literacy rate.
Equatorial Guinea is the most modest African nation in terms of United Nations membership.
Equatorial Guinea ranks third among sub-Saharan African nations in terms of hydrocarbon exports.
EQUATORIAL GUINEA INDEPENDENCE DAY DATES