By |14 May 2023 at 9:03 PM
Haitian Flag Day 2023: Date, History, Facts about Haiti

Haitian Flag Day is annually observed on May 18. In honour of the country’s independence from the French, a national holiday has been declared in Haiti. On this day in 1803, the flag was raised for the first time, and the nation’s first republic was formally established. The flag is a symbol of patriotism and nationalism and served as a beacon of optimism in colonial Haiti. This day symbolises liberation and embodies the cultural heritage and tenacity of the Haitian people, who reclaimed their land from their oppressors.

The background of Haitian Flag Day

Haitian Flag Day, celebrated annually on May 18, is a national holiday commemorating the creation of the Haitian flag during the Haitian Revolution. Numerous U.S. cities with significant Haitian populations observe this day. Inside and outside of Haiti, Haitians observe and celebrate the holiday.

The Haitian flag was authorised on the final day of the Arcahaie Congress, May 18, 1803. The convention produced two significant outcomes: the establishment of a unified leadership of the revolutionary army under the paramount authority of Jean-Jacques Dessalines, and the adoption of a flag by the indigenous population.

The flag was devised by Jean-Jacques Dessalines by removing the white centre of a French tricolour. His goddaughter Catherine Flon sewed the remaining horizontal bands together, converting the tricolour into the bicolor. It is said that the blue in the Haitian flag represents Haitians of African descent, while the red represents “Gens de couleur,” or “people of colour” in French.

The flag has been altered numerous times throughout the years. The bands became perpendicular in 1804. On occasion, a red and black variation has also been utilised. The current flag was authorised on February 17, 1986, following the resignation of Jean-Claude Duvalier, and reaffirmed a year later with the official approval of the constitution on March 29, 1987.

The creation of the first flag was a pivotal moment in Haitian history, and on May 18 it became an annual event. 1919 saw the addition of Universities Day to the celebrations by the government. Due to the U.S. occupation of Haiti, which began in 1915, the government deemed it crucial to emphasise the educational system.


Haiti derives its name from the term ‘Ayiti,’ which means “Land of Mountains.” Haiti’s mountain peaks exceed 2,500 metres, and the word ‘Haiti’ means “Land of Mountains.”

Haiti is the only nation on earth to recognise Voodoo in this fashion.

After the 2010 earthquake, the Hospital Universitaire De Mirebalais became the largest solar-powered hospital in the world.

Taino-created cave paintings can be found throughout the nation.

Haiti’s artistic heritage is renowned for its vibrant, expressive, and profound paintings.


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