By | 28 Dec 2022 at 2:56 PM
Mongolia Independence Day 2022: Date, History and Significance

Mongolia Independence Day 2022: On December 29, Mongolians everywhere celebrate their country’s independence day. This holiday marks the date in 1921 when Mongolia declared its independence from China and the Soviet Union, thus becoming one of the few countries in world history to achieve true independence without outside military force. This is a significant event in Mongolian history and has been celebrated annually ever since. In this blog post, we will discuss what led up to this momentous occasion, why it is celebrated today, and how you can join in the festivities!

History of Mongolia

Mongolia has a long and storied history, dating back centuries. The country was first inhabited by nomadic tribes who roamed the steppes in search of pastureland for their animals. Over time, these tribes began to coalesce into larger groups and establish more permanent settlements.

The Mongol Empire was founded in the 13th century by Genghis Khan, who united the various tribes under his banner. Under his rule and that of his successors, the Mongol Empire became one of the largest empires in world history, spanning from China to Europe.

In the 14th century, however, the empire began to fragment, and Mongolia eventually fell under the control of the Chinese Ming dynasty. The Mongols would remain under Chinese rule for centuries, until 1911 when Mongolia declared its independence.

Since then, Mongolia has gone through a number of changes and challenges, including a period of Communist rule from 1924-1990. Today, Mongolia is a thriving democracy with a rapidly growing economy.

The Mongol Empire

The Mongol Empire was founded in 1206 by Genghis Khan and lasted until 1368. The empire was the largest contiguous land empire in history, covering over 33 million square kilometers at its peak. The Mongols were a nomadic people who conquered much of Asia and parts of Europe during the 13th and 14th centuries.

During the reign of Genghis Khan, the Mongols were united under one ruler and one government. The empire was divided into four khanates after his death, and later into two separate empires: the Yuan Dynasty in China and the Golden Horde in Russia.

The Mongols were known for their skill in warfare, their use of cavalry, and their ruthless methods of conquest. They were also known for their religious tolerance, allowing people of different faiths to live and worship freely within their empire.

Today, Mongolia is an independent country with a population of over 3 million people. It is located between Russia and China, two of its former conquerors. December is Mongolia Independence Day, marking the day in 1911 when Mongolia declared itself independent from Chinese rule.

Why December 29 is Independence Day

Mongolia’s independence day commemorates the country’s declaration of independence from China in 1911. The date is also sometimes referred to as National Salvation Day.

Since the early 1900s, Mongolia had been under the rule of the Qing Dynasty, which was based in China. However, by 1911, internal and external forces were weakening the Qing Dynasty’s grip on power. In Mongolia, this led to a growing nationalist movement that aimed to break away from Chinese rule.

On December 29, 1911, Mongolia formally declared its independence from China. This event is celebrated each year as Independence Day.

While Mongolia technically achieved independence in 1911, it wasn’t until 1921 that the country was truly free from outside control. That’s because in 1919, Russia occupied Mongolia during its own civil war. Then, in 1920, Japan invaded Mongolia as part of its attempts to expand into Asia.

It wasn’t until after World War II that Mongolia was finally able to reclaim its independence and establish itself as a sovereign nation once again. Today, December 29 is celebrated as a national holiday in Mongolia commemorating the country’s hard-fought journey to freedom.

What Happens on Independence Day?

Mongolia Independence Day on 29 December is celebrated with a large military parade in the capital, Ulaanbaatar. The president of Mongolia speaks to the nation and a feast is held in his honor. A big fireworks display is also held in the capital.

How to Celebrate Independence Day

Mongolia celebrates Independence Day on December 29th, commemorating the day in 1911 when Mongolia declared independence from the Qing Dynasty. On this day, Mongolians across the country celebrate with traditional food, dance, and music.

If you’re in Mongolia on Independence Day, there are plenty of ways to get involved in the festivities. Here are a few ideas:

1. Enjoy a traditional Mongolian meal. One of the best ways to experience Mongolian culture is through its cuisine. On Independence Day, many restaurants offer special menus featuring traditional dishes.

2. Watch a folk dance performance. Traditional Mongolian dances are always a highlight on Independence Day. You can find performances taking place in public squares and parks throughout the country.

3. Listen to live music. From traditional throat singing to modern pop hits, you’ll be able to enjoy all sorts of music on Independence Day in Mongolia. Check out one of the many concerts or street festivals taking place around the country.

4. Take part in a cultural festival. Many towns and villages host their own independence day celebrations, complete with food stalls, games, and other activities for visitors to enjoy. This is a great way to get a taste of local culture while also celebrating Mongolia’s independence.


Mongolia’s Independence Day on December 29th is a great way to celebrate and honor the country’s remarkable history. Although Mongolia was once under foreign rule, it has since flourished as an independent nation that proudly showcases its unique culture and values. As we continue to observe this special day each year, let us take a moment to remember the importance of sovereignty and all that it stands for in our world today.


Year Date Day
2022 December 29 Thursday
2023 December 29 Friday
2024 December 29 Sunday
2025 December 29 Monday
2026 December 29 Tuesday


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