Every year on April 28, Biological Clock Day is observed to raise awareness about the circadian rhythm and its influence on our sleep-wake cycle, body system, and temperament. Did you know that we practised segmented sleep in the Middle Ages, prior to the invention of the electric light bulb, which reduced the length of sleep to six hours? The biological clock is connected to the circadian rhythm, a 24-hour cycle that regulates vital functions and processes, such as the sleep-wake cycle. The circadian rhythms are linked to a master clock in the brain that regulates activity throughout the body by sending out signals. The circadian rhythms are regulated by this master clock, which is influenced by environmental stimuli.
The background of Biological Clock Day
Sleep is a natural process comparable to ingesting and breathing. Since the beginning of human evolution, slumber has been essential. And as civilization evolves, so do human sleeping patterns, as a result of cultural adjustments, migration, and technological advancements. We have a limited comprehension of how early humans slept, as there is scant historical evidence of early hunter-gatherer and agricultural societies. By observing hunter-gatherer communities in Tanzania, Bolivia, and Namibia, researchers determined that early humans slept for approximately 6.25 hours and rarely awoke during the night. This changed when humans migrated to Europe, where the extended nights led to segmented sleep.
The earliest mentions of the segmented slumber pattern appeared in Homer’s “The Odyssey” between 725 B.C. and 625 B.C., and the practise persisted through the Renaissance. During the time between the first and second sleep, people engage in quiet conversation, pray, perform chores, visit acquaintances, and engage in sexual activity. During the late Middle Ages and Renaissance, this slumber pattern was most revered. All of this, however, altered in the nineteenth century, at the height of the Industrial Revolution. Thomas Edison devised the incandescent light bulb in 1839, resulting in longer workdays and the end of segmented rest.
People and businesses began to prioritise work and productivity over a restful night’s sleep. This increase in working hours contributed to the emergence of early labour movements, such as the eight-hour movement. In 1926, Ford implemented the eight-hour workday and 40-hour workweek, which eventually became the standard for all enterprises worldwide. People are rediscovering the value of sleep due to its myriad health benefits and effect on productivity. Corporate businesspeople are currently utilising sleep as one of their instruments to increase productivity, napping between meetings and business trips.
5 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT SLEEP
On average, humans spend one-third of their lives asleep.
Before the advent of colour television, many individuals dreamed in black and white, according to research.
Within five minutes of awakening, we forget approximately 90% of our dreams.
Sleep deprivation is more lethal than dietary deprivation.
According to a study, reducing your amount of sleep can lower your pain threshold.
BIOLOGICAL CLOCK DAY DATES