Stephanie St Clair Cause Of Death: Regardless of which appellation you recall Stephanie St. Clair by during the 20th century—”Queenie,” “Madam Queen,” “Madam St. Clair,” or “Queen of the Policy Rackets”—she was a formidable criminal. St. Clair invariably associated with the upper echelons of New York society during her illicit trajectory, including eminent civil rights advocates and the ruthless mafia leaders of the Five Families.
Stephanie St. Clair led a formidable presence in the underworld gambling community of New York City due to her contracted protection, the “Godfather of Harlem,” Bumpy Johnson. On the contrary, her dedication to enhancing the conditions of Black Harlem inhabitants through advocacy and instruction garnered her the respect of her peers.
Among her many contributions to Harlem’s notoriety were the frequent (and frequently humorous) newspaper advertisements she published. Saint Clair’s most enduring impact, nevertheless, stems from her unwavering determination to confront fraudulent law enforcement and rival organized crime figures such as Dutch Schultz.
Stephanie St. Clair spent the majority of her adult life in the public eye; she frequently purchased full-page newspaper advertisements to inspire her contemporaries or reprimand her detractors. On purpose, St. Clair has obscured certain details of her early existence.
The preponderance of biographies state that she was born in the French archipelago of Guadeloupe on December 24, 1897. She was educated in the French Caribbean, where she reportedly learned to read and write in both French and English.
St. Clair contributed to the propagation of the myth that she was born in France and self-taught English en route to the United States. It is uncertain whether she arrived in the United States by steamboat in 1911 or 1921, but both accounts concur that this occurred in 1921.
Stephanie St Clair Cause Of Death: What happened to St. Clair?
Similar to her mysterious entrance into the city, Stephanie St. Clair’s demise remains an enigma. Her demise went unmentioned in the local press, notwithstanding her prominence in the clandestine gaming community and advocacy for civil rights.
In 1969, St. Clair passed away peacefully in Central Islip, New York, contrasted with the violent and flamboyant demises of her male contemporaries in the gangster era.
What Stephanie St. Clair Has Left Behind?
A tenet of the Black privileged in Harlem, she resided at 409 Edgecombe Avenue for the vast majority of her criminal career. In addition to W.E.B. Du Bois and other prominent figures in the civil rights movement, her neighborhood was frequented by artists such as Aaron Douglas and writers like Katherine Butler-Jones.
Stephanie St. Clair chose to utilize her wealth for the betterment of her fellow Harlemites rather than evade the law. St. Clair defied corruption from those in positions of authority and subordination while maintaining an exemplary appearance; she was not concerned about the potentially perilous repercussions of her stoicism.
Through her unwavering determination in the face of “Public Enemy Number One” Dutch Schultz, she averted the downfall of her own rackets as well as those of the other African American racketeers who were the focus of Schultz’s violent struggle for power.
The funds generated from the operation of her fraudulent enterprise enabled her to make investments in lawful Black-owned enterprises and provide stable employment for Black men and women. In the interim, she confronted the New York Police Department and ultimately emerged victorious.
In addition to providing testimony against corrupt police officers, she actively promoted her colleagues’ rights as citizens through regular advertisements in the Amsterdam News. In contrast to her male mafia colleagues, St. Clair devoted her entire life to bettering the lives of her fellow Harlemites and considered violence to be an extreme measure.