Joan of Arc Biography: Because of her actions during the Lancastrian phase of the Hundred Years’ War, Joan of Arc—also known as Joan the Maiden and The Maid of Orleans—is regarded as a French heroine and a saint by the Roman Catholic Church. Joan said she had seen visions from Saint Margaret, Saint Catherine of Alexandria, and the Archangel Michael to help King Charles VII reclaim France from England’s hegemony.
She was granted permission to see King Charles VII in Chinon after making multiple requests to see him. In April 1429, the king permitted her to be a part of the rescue army during the Siege of Orleans. She supported King Charles during his coronation and ultimately won the war on his behalf. What a privilege it is to honor the martyr and heroine Joan of Arc with the world at large today!
Joan of Arc Biography:
Born about 1412, Joan of Arc originated from the Meuse Valley, a little village in Lorraine, France, called Domremy. Jacques d’Arc and Isabelle Romee, her parents, were small-scale farmers with a combined landholding of about fifty acres. For additional money, her father served as a village administrator as well. Despite not going to school, her mother instilled in her the beliefs of the Catholic Church. France and England were at war at the time, which was referred to as the “Hundred Years’ War.” When she was a teenager, she thought she had seen Saint Margaret, Saint Archangel Michael, and Saint Catherine of Alexandria guiding King Charles VII in his efforts to free France from English rule.
In April 1429, the king dispatched her to participate in the relief army at the Siege of Orleans. She lifted the siege nine days after landing in Orleans, which earned her recognition. She was by King Charles VII’s side when he was consecrated thereafter. On September 8, Joan of Arc and John II, Duke of Alencon, launched an unsuccessful raid on Paris, leaving Joan with injuries. By October, she had recovered enough to fight alongside Perrinet Gressart once more. Despite their defeat, she came home to discover that King Charles VII had elevated her family to the nobility. In May 1430, she organized a group of volunteers to take the place of Compiegne, which the Burgundians had attacked but who had instead taken her hostage and given her over to the English.
Pierre Cauchon, the time’s pro-English bishop, tried her and found her guilty of hearsay charges. As a result of her judgment, she was burned at the stake in May 1431. However, Pope Callixtus III approved the reopening and investigation of her case in 1456. It was ruled invalid as it was found to be dishonest and poorly thought out. Since then, she has been regarded as a martyr and her name has been cleared of all imperfections. After the revolution, she went on to become a national emblem of France.
Joan of Arc Biography: Net Worth and Height
The Maid of Orleans, La Pucelle
|Date of Birth
|January 6, 1412
|May 30, 1431 (age 19)
Reasons we admire her
She was a brave woman.
Joan of Arc led a valiant army. She is also characterized as a woman who stood up for her convictions and encouraged others to follow suit. Joan is contrasted with biblical heroines such as Judith and Esther.
She was both a martyr and a saint.
The inhabitants of Orleans acknowledged Joan of Arc as a sacred figure. Felix Dupanloup began her beatification process in 1942, the year he was appointed Bishop. She was already recognized as a martyr and a holy person outside of the Catholic Church at the time of her death. She is revered as the Pantheon of the Cao Dai faith and is also considered a visionary in The Church of England.
Her extensive cultural heritage
France has produced hundreds of artworks featuring Joan of Arc. She has since become the subject of numerous novels. Her narrative has influenced literature and art in every country over the years, leaving a lasting legacy.
5 facts About Her
Her mental health condition has been diagnosed.
It is believed that during the time of Joan of Arc’s visions, she suffered from a neurological imbalance that ultimately led to either bipolar disease or schizophrenia.
The first female “bob” wearer
People who advised her to dress in masculine attire during the war also requested that she wear her hair short; as a result, she chopped off her hair into a “bob,” which is how she was photographed.
Her brothers misrepresented her as an imposter.
For several years, as she set out to persuade the world that Joan had escaped and the English had not triumphed,
Joan of Arc went by several names.
Joan wrote down her name as Jehanne la Pucelle prior to her trial. In her community, she was known as Jeanette, but Arc adopted her father’s name.
The Seine was filled with her ashes.
Her body is said to have been scattered into the Seine, and her spirit is said to still move with the current flow of water.