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Bihar Diwas 2023: Date, Theme, History, Celebration of the day

Every year on March 22nd, the state of Bihar is honoured as a distinct state from West Bengal. Bihar Diwas 2023 has been proclaimed a state holiday in Bihar.

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Bihar Diwas 2023: Bihar Day is a significant occasion in the state of Bihar. It commemorates the establishment of the state. As a result, it is also known as Bihar Sthapna Diwas. It is an annual celebration on March 22 that commemorates the day in 1912 when the British separated the state of Bihar from the Bengal presidency.

Bihar Diwas is celebrated with tremendous pomp and display. Several nations with a Bihari population commemorate the occasion as well, including the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, and numerous more.

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Bihar Diwas 2023 Date 22nd March
Bihar Diwas Day Wednesday
Also Called Bihar Sthapna Diwas
Significance Marks the day on which the state was created

In 2023, when is Bihar Diwas?

Every year on March 22nd, Bihar Diwas is observed to commemorate the state’s foundation. Every year, the Government of Bihar releases a notice designating Bihar Diwas a public holiday for all Bihar residents. The vacation applies to all state offices, whether public or private, schools, and all types of government organisations.

Bihar Diwas History

It is critical to comprehend the historical importance of Bihar Diwas since it is a significant event for the country. The incident dates to 1764, when Shah Alam II, the Nawab of Bengal, and the Nawab of Awadh banded together to oppose the East India Company. Because the conflict took place in Buxar, it is known as the Battle of Buxar.

The fight was won by the East India Company, and the Indian armies lost their territory to the British. The firm was granted the authority to run the state of West Bengal and collect farmer income. The modern states of Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha, and Bangladesh were all part of the erstwhile Bengal Presidency.

Thomas Gibson Carmichael, the new governor of the Bengal Presidency, assumed control of the state on March 12, 1912. He announced the state to be divided into four parts: Bengal, Assam, Odisha, and Bihar. As a result, every year on March 22nd, Bihar Diwas is observed.

Formerly, the event was not commemorated at any level. But, in order to honour the spirit of Bihar, the government has chosen to observe this day every year since 2011. Nitish Kumar, the Chief Minister, was the first to make Bihar Diwas a public holiday.

When and how is Bihar Diwas observed?

Bihar Diwas is widely celebrated in Bihar and around the country. The finest part of Bihar Diwas is that it has also become a significant occasion for countries all over the world. On this day, the Bihar government organises a variety of activities and cultural programmes. These activities are attended by children from various schools as well as adults.

Bihar Stapna Diwas celebrations are also held in other places across India. While Patna remains the centre of the celebrations, you should also visit places such as Delhi, Mumbai, and Bangalore to obtain a full picture of how the day is observed in various groups.

Bihar Diwas 2023 Theme: Yuva Shakti ki Pragati

“Yuva Shakti ki Pragati” is the theme for Bihar Day 2023. It represents the Bihar government’s emphasis on youth development and empowerment. Bihar’s young have enormous potential to shape the state’s future, and the government has established several projects and initiatives to harness their enthusiasm and skill.

Bihar’s administration feels that youth empowerment is critical to the state’s overall growth. The government’s goal in investing in youth is to generate a trained and productive workforce that can contribute to the state’s growth and development.

The government has created several programmes and efforts to empower the youth, including the Bihar Student Credit Card Scheme, which offers low-interest education loans to students, and the Bihar Yuva Udyami Yojana, which offers financial support and training to young entrepreneurs.

The topic of “Yuva Shakti ki Pragati” emphasises the significance of youth engagement in the political process. Bihar’s young may play an important role in defining the state’s political landscape by participating in political processes and speaking out on problems that impact them.

Overall, the theme of “Yuva Shakti ki Pragati” emphasises the government’s commitment to the development and empowerment of Bihar’s youth. It views adolescents as a significant resource and stresses their role in the growth and development of the state.

Why is Bihar Diwas observed?

On March 22, the British detached Bihar from the Bengal Presidency, granting it its own identity. This day has since been designated as Bihar the Sthapna Diwas. The holiday commemorates the founding of a new state. It also represents the start of the country’s acknowledgement of its own distinct heritage, culture, and customs.

The inaugural Bihar Diwas was held in 2011, and it has been commemorated every year since then with great fervour. The day is observed to recognise Bihar’s spirit. It also provides an opportunity for the government to establish new state imperatives and organise a full-fledged celebration for the people to enjoy.

Let’s peek-a-boo at how Bihar Diwas is celebrated in several cities of India

1. Patna

The Bihar government and various non-governmental organisations organise several cultural events. School and college celebrations are also in full flow. On this day, the state also organises various blood and eye donation drives. If you visit Patna during Bihar Diwas, you will see a variety of traditional dances, painting displays, and competitive events.

2. Delhi

The Bihar government organises a full-fledged event called ‘Bihar Utsav’ at Dilli Haat. The event aims to highlight the state’s rich culture and traditions. The mela is also noted for presenting many items from Bihar for sale to guests.

3. Mumbai

Mumbai commemorates Bihar Diwas in a distinctive manner. Many Bihari film screenings were held in the city, highlighting the culture and history of Bihar.

4. Bengaluru

Bangalore has a sizable Bihari community. As a result, the city commemorates the day with zeal. The streets are alive with various nukkad nataks (street dramas) and folk-dance performances designed to interest the audience. Locals may also sample some of Bihar’s greatest dishes from several food vendors.


The wonderful part about Bihar Diwas is that it is no longer limited to Bihar. It is commonly observed in most Indian cities and even internationally. The Bihar government takes many measures to involve the whole Bihar populace in the Bihar Diwas celebrations. They also organise events around the country to promote Bihar, its art, culture, and tradition on a national scale.

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