Annually commemorated on October 12, Indigenous Resistance Day in Venezuela aims to bring attention to a historical aspect that is frequently disregarded. Since 2002, Venezuela has abstained from customary festivities linked to October 12, which is commonly referred to as Columbus Day in the United States. The Spanish explorer arrived in the Americas on this precise date in 1492, and swift reconnaissance and colonization of the continent followed. In order to perpetuate awareness of the indigenous communities inhabiting the territory, Venezuela observes Indigenous Resistance Day as a tribute to these peoples. The day honors their identity, culture, struggles, triumphs, and enduring heritage. Numerous nations in Latin America and a few states in the United States have likewise redefined the date’s significance.
The background of Indigenous Resistance Day
The manner in which October 12 is observed has changed over time. Indigenous communities across the globe have been vocalizing their concerns regarding historical accuracy and the recognition of their own historical narratives for several decades. The manner in which European nations and the communities impacted by the transition from pre-Hispanic to modern periods differs from that of Latin America. Once inhabited by more than 60 million indigenous people, the Americas were drastically reduced in population by the end of the 15th century due to colonization; many of the indigenous were forced to endure new maladies, forced labor, and persecution.
Numerous Latin American nations observe Days of Resistance Indigenous in Venezuela, Day of Respect for Cultural Diversity in Argentina, Day of Cultures in Costa Rica, and Day of the Multicultural Nation in Mexico, among others, in an effort to honor their indigenous heritage and retrace the steps taken during this somber historical period.
Despite its original designation as Día de la Raza, which translates to “Day of the Race,” the occasion has undergone a name change. The Venezuelan President formally established Indigenous Resistance Day in 2002, and the nomenclature has persisted to this day. The holiday challenges the concept that the Americas were discovered, given that pre-European arrival indigenous populations had flourished there for millennia. October 12 has been a day of reclaiming dignity and history for the indigenous people of Venezuela since 2002.
5 largest indigenous communities in Venezuela
They inhabit the region of Zulia, which has a population exceeding four hundred thousand people.
The regions where this ethnic community resides are Sucre, Monagas, and Delta Amacuro.
Situated in Bolvar, these creatures are prevalent inhabitants of the Gran Sabana.
They are indigenous to the savanna plains of eastern Colombia and southern Venezuela, or the Llanos.
Additionally situated in Zulia, their primary activities consist of farming and fisheries.
INDIGENOUS RESISTANCE DAY DATES