Jharkhand Foundation Day 2022: The state of Jharkhand celebrate its foundation day on November 15. The state was formed from Bihar in 2000 after the Bihar Reorganization Act was passed by Parliament. The day fell on the birthday of tribal leader Birsa Munda, also known as Bhagwan Birsa.
Jharkhand’s interesting facts include:
Coal, iron ore, copper ore, uranium, mica, bauxite, granite, limestone, silver, graphite, magnetite, and dolomite are among the abundant mineral resources found in Jharkhand. 80 percent of the rural population of Jharkhand is employed in agriculture, with rice being the primary crop. The Damodar Valley Corporation, which runs both the power plant and the Hydel power plant, is the project that focuses on energy the most. The top universities in the area include Birsa Agricultural University, Vinova Verb University, Sid Kung Fu Murum University, and Ranchi University. The Chow is a well-known Jharkhandi dancing style.
According to data given by the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Jharkhand got 113 million USD in foreign direct investment (FDI) from April 2000 to December 2018. (DIPP).
The weather in Jharkhand
In Jharkhand, there are two distinct climatic zones: humid subtropical in the north and tropical, humid, and desert in the southeast. The seasons of summer, rain, fall, winter, and spring are all present here. With an average temperature of 33 degrees Celsius, the state is the hottest; the ideal months to visit are from October through May.
Festivals in Jharkhand
Jharkhand boasts a number of celebrations that are akin to those in Bihar, including Vasant Panchami, Holi, Diwali, Chas, and Jitiya Bhaiya, which are observed all across the state. The Santal tribe performs the popular dance styles of Santal and Chow.
Who was Birsa Munda?
- Born in 1875 in the Munda tribe. He is often referred to as ‘Dharti Abba’ or the Earth
- He led the rebellion that came to be known as Ulgulan (revolt) or the Munda rebellion against the British government-imposed feudal state system.
- He awakened the masses and sowed the seeds of revolt in them against the landlord as well as the Britishers.
- He organized masses to stop paying debts/interest to moneylenders and taxes to the British. By this, he led a revolt to bring an end to Victorian rule and the establishment of Munda Rule in Jharkhand (erstwhile Bengal Presidency region).
- He formed two military units- one for military training and armed struggle, the other for propaganda. He combined religion with politics and traveled across villages
giving discourses and building a politico-military organization.
- His struggle against the exploitation and discrimination against tribals led to the passing of the Chotanagpur Tenancy Act being in 1908 which restricted the
passing of land from the tribal people to non-tribals.