National Native American Day 2023: Date, History, Facts about Native American

National Native American Day 2023: Date, History, Facts about Native American

National Native American Day is observed annually on the second Monday of October to pay homage to the achievements and customs of the diverse Native American nations. The event occurs this year on October 9. Although not observed in every state, South Dakota observes it. California, Nevada, Tennessee, and Washington observe it on various dates, and it is gaining popularity throughout the rest of the country. The celebration features traditional dances, art exhibitions, and ceremonial performances. The occasion honors the history, customs, and culture of tribes from throughout the nation. Every unique nation possesses a unique collection of traditions, ceremonies, and convictions.

The background of National Native American Day

National Native American Day celebrates Native Americans, as the name implies. It is believed that they were the initial inhabitants to establish themselves in America. Prior to the arrival of the first European explorers and colonizers, the entire North American continent was inhabited by Native Americans. Given the historical importance that Native Americans have contributed to the United States, it is only appropriate that they be honored with a designated day of celebration! However, despite the perception of many that Native Americans are a long-lost heritage, their historical and cultural foundations have been nurtured for millennia.

Native Americans, whose cultural traditions are as diverse as their languages are, can be found in every region of the country. The Seneca Nations of the Northeast, the Inuit communities of Alaska, the Cherokees of the South, and the Navajo of the Southwest are just a few examples. During the 15th century, when Europeans first set foot in America, the continent was inhabited by an estimated 50 million Native Americans. Therefore, Native American Day commemorates the extensive cultural and traditional legacy that has been preserved by the Native Americans over the course of time.

The designation of National Native American Day as a holiday originated in 1998, following South Dakota’s proclamation of 1990 as a year of reconciliation between Native Americans and Caucasian populations; Columbus Day was subsequently renamed Native American Day. In commemoration of this occasion, individuals educate themselves on the numerous tribes and civilizations that overcame all challenges throughout what numerous Native Americans consider to be their genocide.

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5 Native American facts

Rufus Red Fox James, an individual belonging to the Blackfeet Nation, traversed the states atop his horse in an effort to secure the endorsement of twenty-four state administrations for the establishment of an American Indian Day.

Native Americans are forcibly relocated from Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, Florida, and Tennessee to “Indian territory” in present-day Oklahoma under the Indian Removal Act of 1830.

Prior to the “discovery” of the Americas by Europe, an estimated fifty million Native Americans and Indigenous peoples inhabited the region.

The number of Americans identified as Native American or Alaska Native increased by 86.5% between the 2010 and 2020 censuses, reaching 9.7 million.

The three greatest Native American tribal groups consist of the Cherokee, Navajo, and Latin American Indian peoples.


Year Date Day
2022 October 10 Monday
2023 October 9 Monday
2024 October 14 Monday
2025 October 13 Monday
2026 October 12 Monday