Spain Hispanic Day is observed annually on October 12 to commemorate the initial landing of Christopher Columbus in the Americas. Did you know that when Columbus discovered the Americas, he was pursuing a direct route to Asia? Under various names, Spain Hispanic Day, also known as Fiesta Nacional de Espaa or Día de la Hispanidad, is observed as an official holiday throughout the majority of Hispanic America. For the duration of the day, all government administrative structures and offices, banks, and stores are closed. The day illuminates the heritage and identity of Spain, as well as the connection between the former European nation and the Spanish-speaking regions of Latin America. Gain knowledge of the day’s historical significance in Spain.
The background of Spain Hispanic Day
The discovery of the Americas by Christopher Columbus altered Europe and the continent profoundly, establishing Spain as the first modern superpower and influencing the ethnic, cultural, and political landscapes of the Americas. The inaugural voyage of Christopher Columbus to the New World commenced on August 3, 1492, in the evening. Christopher Columbus set sail from the harbor of Palos de la Frontera atop the Santa Maria, the Pinta, and the Niña, which he accompanied on its maiden voyage.
Columbus was informed by the crew of the Pinta upon their sighting of land on October 12, 1492. Columbus and his crew subsequently made landfall on an island, where they were greeted by the native Arawak people. The local inhabitants referred to the island as Guanahani, but he later changed that name to San Salvador. Furthermore, in his designation of the indigenous people as “Los Indios,” he established a term that would come to be applied to all indigenous populations in North America, Central America, and South America.
Columbus later explored the northern coast of Hispaniola and the northeastern coast of Cuba as he continued his voyage. Columbus established the settlement of La Navidad in what is now Haiti in December of that year, departing with 39 men at the behest of the local chief. Columbus and native captives arrived in Spain on March 15, 1493. His findings were met with tremendous jubilation and rapidly disseminated throughout Europe.
Columbus departed for the New World on September 24, 1493, along with seventeen ships and approximately 1,500 sailors. He encountered the islands of Maria-Galante, Montserrat, Antigua, the Virgin Islands, and others throughout this voyage. He returned to Hispaniola in November 1493 and proceeded to establish a provisional settlement in La Isabela, which is presently known as the Dominican Republic.
As soon as the Spanish colonizers arrived, they instituted the encomienda system, under which natives worked for the Spanish in exchange for provisions, protection, and housing. In conjunction with the exportation of subjugated locals and the introduction of European diseases, this precipitated a precipitous decline in the indigenous population.
On May 30, 1498, Columbus recommenced his voyage and successfully identified the geographical areas that are now regarded as Central and South America. Columbus faced allegations of tyranny and corruption in 1499. He and his sibling were apprehended, detained for six weeks, and subsequently extradited to Spain. Later, King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella exonerated the Columbus brothers of all charges, and they secured sponsorship for their fourth expedition to the New World.
Columbus returned to Spain on May 9, 1502 with a fleet of thirty ships from the Americas; however, only one vessel managed to reach Spain. Columbus investigated the coastlines of Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica throughout this expedition. Nonetheless, a tempest impeded his progress, and the vessel capsized in Jamaica, leaving them stranded for a duration of six months. Columbus made a last-ditch effort to coerce the natives into continuing to provide for him and his soldiers by exploiting the lunar eclipse that occurred on February 29, 1504. The event was precisely predicted by him through the utilization of Abraham Zacuto’s astronomical charts. He and his men were rescued on June 28, 1504, and they reached in Spain on November 7, 1504.
Today is Spain’s National Day, which honors the nation’s heritage. On this day, more than 400 million individuals from various continents who share a common language, history, and culture are honored. Concerts, street shows, dance, individuals adorned in regional garb, and delectable food and wine vividly exemplify the quintessential Spanish way of life. Despite undergoing numerous transformations over the course of the 20th century, National Day of Spain continues to be regarded by many as one of the most significant days in Spanish history.
Day of Hispanic Spain Activities
Plan a journey to Spain.
The day’s festivities typically last for a week, providing individuals with the chance to explore historical sites and rural regions of Spain. Typical stops along this journey consist of Aragon and Zaragoza. Make an early flight reservation to ensure that you do not miss the festivities.
Soak up the architecture and art.
Today, a number of historical sites and institutions in Spain are hosting Open Doors Days. Spanning the Baroque, Renaissance, and Gothic periods, Spain has made a substantial impact on the development of art and architecture.
Consider preparing a Spanish dish.
The Spanish nation’s finest cuisine includes tortilla española, gazpacho, paella Valenciana, and fideuá, among others. Explore the gastronomic delights of Spain by placing an order at a local Spanish restaurant.
5 fascinating facts regarding pain
the ‘Marcha Real,’ the national anthem of Spain, which is one of four anthems without lyrics in the globe.
Spain is the only European nation that shares a Moroccan frontier with Africa.
With 47, Spain possesses the third-highest quantity of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in the world.
Approximately 440 million individuals worldwide are native speakers of Spanish, ranking it second only to Mandarin Chinese.
Established in 1725, El Restaurante Botín in Madrid holds the distinction of being the oldest restaurant globally.
SPAIN HISPANIC DAY DATES