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The food group system: Why is it important to categorise food?

The bodybuilding category consists of pulses, nuts, oilseeds, milk and milk products, meat, fish, poultry, and products derived from these. Protein is the primary nutrient that aids in bodybuilding

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The food group system: The majority of individuals these days lack time or knowledge to look over the nutritional value of the foods they typically consume. People require guidance regarding the maintenance of a balanced variety of foods in their diets and the selection of nutritious foods. It is critical to understand the factors that influence the food preferences of various family members before commencing meal planning.

Nevertheless, the herculean task is to plan nutritionally adequate meals while keeping these factors in mind.

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What is a balanced diet?

We are frequently told to consume a “balanced diet,” and are uncertain of its precise meaning. A balanced diet is one in which all dietary groups are represented throughout the day. It is imperative that the quantities and proportions of these foods meet our daily nutrient requirements.

Furthermore, the quantities of nutrients should be such that the body can reserve a small amount for days when there is insufficient food intake. The absence of a healthy diet for a few days should not have a detrimental impact on your health, regardless of the cause.

Meal planning is an art form, as it also requires consideration of aesthetic appeal, taste, and acceptance.

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The Food Group system

The categorization of foods can be determined by either the variety of food or the nutrients it provides. The fundamental classification of food groups is predicated on the physiological function that each food group performs within the human body. Thus, there are foods that provide sustenance, foods that promote body development, and foods that serve a regulatory or protective function.

Energy-giving nutrients include cereal grains, fats and oils, sugar, and products derived from these ingredients. Fats and carbohydrates are the primary nutrient sources of energy.

The bodybuilding category consists of pulses, nuts, oilseeds, milk and milk products, meat, fish, poultry, and products derived from these. Protein is the primary nutrient that aids in bodybuilding. Calcium is a mineral that contributes to healthy bones.

Protective foods, as their name implies, consist of nutrients that strengthen the immune system and thereby shield the body from diseases. They are also known as regulatory foods as they help the enzymes in our body to function effectively.

Categorization of food and its importance

Putting foods into groups is helpful in several ways through the food group system

As a way to assess food nutrition

If people keep food records, the information can be used to see if they aren’t getting enough or too many nutrients because they aren’t eating enough of a certain food group. This may be the first sign that the professional sees that the person or group is likely to get a disease or condition tied to their diet. This kind of information can be used to check on the current nutritional state and to keep an eye on things.

The food group system helps as a way to educate people

The best way to explain the idea of a balanced meal is to do it with grouping. Most people find it hard to understand and remember the names of foods that are high in all the macro and micronutrients that they need to eat for a healthy diet. This is why population guidelines are generally not about specific foods but about groups of foods, like foods that are high in protein.

Helps in Diet planning

Knowing the different types of foods in a group makes it easier to keep your nutrition density steady between meals.

The food group system helps plan therapeutic meals

Food groups are useful for planning meals for people with certain illnesses and giving them advice. It makes more sense to figure out which things in each group you should eat and which ones you should avoid if you put them into groups. It’s also easier to stick to these kinds of diets.

 Food groups help provide variety to the food

From a food group that provides similar nutrients, a range of foods can be chosen to make the diet more varied and interesting during the week. This also provides a range of tastes, which makes meals more appealing.

Helps in the making of nutrition labels

People can understand nutrition facts on food labels better if they are broken down into food groups. People generally get confused when there is too much technical information.

Hence, to balance our diet, we need to categorically add all food groups to our diet. It is advised to have meals in smaller portions and frequently, as compared to large meals two to three times a day.

Simar Chopra
Simar Chopra
Simar Chopra is pursuing B.Sc. Home Science from Lady Irwin College, University of Delhi. An aspiring Sports Nutritionist who writes about nutrition and diets.

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