Constitution Day of India 2022: Also known as Samvidhan Divas, it is observed every year on November 26 to honor the adoption of the Indian Constitution. The Constituent Assembly passed the Indian Constitution on November 26, 1949, and it went into effect on January 26, 1950. Granville Seward Austin, an American historian, described the Constitution written by B. R. Ambedkar as “first and foremost a social document.”
What does the Indian Constitution say?
The ideas and precedents of the Indian government are collected in the Constitution. It covers the fundamental political tenets, practices, rights, guiding principles of policy, restrictions, and duties of the national government and its people. India is a sovereign, secular, socialist, and democratic nation, according to its constitution. It provides its inhabitants with justice, equality, and liberty.
Who was the Indian Constitution’s author?
The Indian Constitution is credited as being mostly written by BR Ambedkar, head of the Drafting Committee. He is sometimes referred to be the Indian Constitution’s father.
Members of the Constituent Assembly wrote the Indian Constitution.
Constitution Day of India: History
By decree on November 19, the BJP-led government in 2015 designated November 26 as Constitution Day. The Constituent Assembly made the request in 1934. The original creator of the concept was M.N. Roy, the head of the Communist Party. The Parliamentary Party took it up, and the British government formally approved it in 1940. In an attempt in August, Indians were permitted to create the Indian constitution. The Constituent Assembly convened for the first time before independence on December 9, 1946. Dr. Satchidananda Singh served as the Constituent Assembly’s first president. A constitution-writing editorial board was established on August 29, 1947, with Dr. as a member.
B.R. Ambedkar takes the helm. The Commission finished working on November 26, 1949. On January 24, 1950, the procedure was completed when participants signed two handwritten versions of the agreement, one in Hindi and one in English. The first session of the Parliament began on December 9, 1946, in New Delhi, and continued until January 24, 1950.
A total of 11 meetings were held over the course of around 166 days during that time. The Indian Constitution went into effect and became a national statute on January 26, 1950.
What does the Indian Constitution’s Preamble say?
The Preamble is a succinct declaration that describes the hopes and objectives of the Indian people. “We, the people of India, commit ourselves to make India a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic and guarantee to all citizens solemnly resolved: Justice, Social, Economic and Political Freedom of thought, opinion, creed, creed and worship Equality of status and opportunity and to promote among all – the dignity of the individual,” reads the preamble to the Indian Constitution. This Constitution is hereby adopted, promulgated, and presented by the Constituent Assembly of November 26, 1949.
Reiterating our dedication to upholding the doctrine Prime Minister Narendra Modi will attend a program with the parliament on November 26th, 2022, which is Constitution Day, at 11 am. On November 26, 2022, it will begin 2022 and take place in the Capital.
Honorary Presidents, Vice Presidents, Prime Ministers, and House Speakers have all delivered it. Following the president’s address, the populace recited the constitution’s preamble with him. The President of India has also released digital versions of the Constituent Assembly Debate, the calligraphic copy of the Indian Constitution, and an updated version of the Constitution (containing any recent revisions). Other events, such as lectures or webinars on the fundamental ideals of the Indian Constitution, can also be planned.
FAQs on India’s Constitution Day
Q. What is the significance of Constitution Day in India?
Ans. Every year on November 26th, our country observes Constitution Day, also known as “Samvidhan Divas,” to commemorate the adoption of the Indian Constitution. The Indian Constituent Assembly passed the Indian Constitution, which went into effect on January 26, 1950.
Q. Who created the Indian Constitution?
Ans. Dr. Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar is regarded as the father of the Indian Constitution. He was the law minister at the time, and he presented the final draught to the Constituent Assembly.
Q. What makes November 26th unique?
Ans. Every year on November 26th, India observes National Constitution Day (National Law Day), also known as Samvidhan Divas, to commemorate the adoption of the Indian Constitution.
Q. Who wrote India’s Constitution Day?
Ans. A draught of the Constitution was prepared by a seven-member Drafting Committee led by B.R. Ambedkar based on the reports of the 13 committees. It is the world’s longest-written constitution, with approximately 448 Articles, 25 Parts, and 12 Schedules.