By | 28 Feb 2023 at 11:10 AM
National Science Day 2023: Date, History, Facts, Activities

On February 28 each year, Indians celebrate National Science Day with a special event. It is the anniversary of the date on which Indian physicist Sir C. V. Raman made an important scientific discovery. Today, National Science Day highlights the significance of science in daily life and provides the public with the opportunity to observe how scientific innovation can improve lives and foster societal growth. To commemorate this day, numerous scientific centres and institutions host debates, scientific competitions, lectures, television programmes, and even public speeches. If you have a passion for science and plan to pursue a science degree, consider these science scholarships for funding.

The background of National Science Day

C.V. Raman, also known as Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, was a gifted child. He completed his secondary education at age 11 and his higher secondary education at age 13, later earning his bachelor’s degree at age 16. While he had studied physics and graduated with honours, he pursued accounting as a’safe choice’ until he was offered a teaching position in 1917 at a college in Calcutta (now Kolkata), India.

Four years later, during a trip to Europe, Raman noticed for the first time that icebergs and the Mediterranean Sea were a striking shade of blue. He set out to disprove the prevalent theory at the time, which held that sunlight scattered upon entering the Earth’s atmosphere, thereby causing different colours to appear.

Raman initially conducted experiments on his own before delegating research duties to his student, K.S. Krishnan. They discovered that when light passes through a transparent material, a portion of the light emerges scattered in various directions.

These results, which were published in 1928, shook the scientific community to the point that Raman anticipated receiving the Nobel Prize in the same year. He was overlooked both that year and the next. Raman’s confidence in his discovery remained unshaken, and he was so certain of it that he booked tickets for himself and his wife on a steamship to Stockholm in July, even though the Nobel Prize would be announced in November. In that year, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics, bringing attention to his work and the Indian scientific community.

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Research C.V. Raman

Discover more about this influential scientific innovator whose work inspired generations of scientists. Read his scientific papers, watch films about his life, and investigate the impact of his achievements on the global scientific community.

Celebrate science

Honor this day’s underlying theme by celebrating science and exploration in all their forms. Discover previously unknown theories, conduct your own scientific experiments, and watch scientific luminaries discuss their passion for this field of study.

Encourage scientific exploration

Share your fascination with science with those around you. Introduce them to the present day, C.V. Raman, and various scientific innovations that have improved our lives.


Raman made history as the first non-white, Asian, and Indian to receive the Nobel Prize for his work.

In 1924, the Royal Society of London selected Raman as a Fellow, an honour granted to only a select few; he subsequently resigned, becoming the first Indian Fellow to do so.

Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was knighted by the British government in India for his work on the Raman Effect. His official title was “Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman.”

During his active years, he was the primary contributor to the majority of research institutions established in India, including the Indian Journal of Physics and the Indian Academy of Sciences.

He was so opposed to the scientific research policies of the then-prime minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, that he destroyed the highest civilian award given to Indians, the ‘Bharat Ratna’ medallion.


Year Date Day
2023 February 28 Tuesday
2024 February 28 Wednesday
2025 February 28 Friday
2026 February 28 Saturday
2027 February 28 Sunday