The 17th of April is a federal holiday honouring Syria in recognition of its independence. Syria is a country in Western Asia with deserts, towering mountains, and verdant plains. Syrian Arabs make up the majority of the country’s population, along with Kurds, Turkmen, Assyrians, and other ethnic and religious groups. In addition, the nation is home to a variety of religions, including Sunnis, Christians, and Shiites. Damascus is the country’s capital and largest metropolis, and Arabs make up the majority of its religious and ethnic population. Syria is a unitary republic with fourteen governorates. Moreover, it belongs to the United Nations.
The background of Syria Independence Day
Syria became a part of the Islamic dominion when Muslim Arabs under the command of Khalid Ibn al-Rashidun Walid conquered it between 634 and 640. In the seventh century, the Umayyad dynasty, which controlled the empire, relocated the capital to Damascus. Syria consisted of the districts of Damascus, Homs, Palestine, and Jordan during this time period. At its peak, the Islamic empire extended from Spain to sections of Central Asia and India, allowing Syria, the empire’s capital, to flourish economically.
The empire’s emperors permitted Assyrians and Christians, the majority of whom were Aramaeans, to live in the northeast. These Christians held a number of government positions. In the middle of the eighth century, dynastic conflicts and religious disagreements led to the collapse of the Caliphate. In 750, the Abbasid dynasty overthrew the Umayyad monarchy, and Baghdad became the empire’s new capital. The Umayyad dynasty designated Arabic as the official language, and the Abbasids subsequently designated Arabic as the language of instruction.
The court of Saif al-Daula was a cultural hub due to its support of Arabic literature. Saif al-Daula resisted Byzantine attempts to reconquer Syria by utilising defensive strategies and counter-attacks in Anatolia. Antioch and Aleppo, however, succumbed to the Byzantines in 969, following his death. Even though Syria was completely subjugated by the Byzantines by 996, it was still the site of numerous power struggles.
5 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT SYRIA
The appellation “Syria” comes from the region known as Assyria.
Syria is a multiethnic country with Greek, Armenian, and Arab civilizations, among others.
The earliest library in the world is located in the Syrian city of Ebla.
Syria was an imperial possession of the Ottoman Empire for four centuries.
The Umayyad Mosque, also known as the Great Mosque of Damascus, was constructed between 705 and 715 and is the oldest stone mosque still extant.
SYRIA INDEPENDENCE DAY DATES