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Infant Protection Day 2022: Date, History and Importance

In 1950, the first International Child Protection Day was observed. Then, on November 20, 1959, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted its own Declaration on the Rights of Children.

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Child Protection Day is observed annually on November 7. The goal of the day is to increase public awareness of newborn baby safety and demonstrate how good infant care may save lives. It should be obvious that newborns have various difficulties as a result of poor protection and care.

Data from the World Health Organization show that in 2019, 2.4 million of her newborns perished in the first few months of life. She accounts for 47% of all fatalities among children under the age of five, of which more than 7,000 occur every day. About three-quarters of fatalities happen within the first week of life, with one-third occurring on the day of delivery.

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History of Child Protection Day:

Beginning in the early 1900s, nations all around the world realized that there was a greater need for improved child health care. The rally was initiated by Europe, but the United States fell behind by starting a push to lower infant mortality. The IMR would drop from 100 to 1000 births to 10 deaths because of this program. I could do it. As soon as infant mortality was identified as a national issue, it was also considered a social issue.

A well-educated middle-class American woman launched a movement to provide houses for families from lower socioeconomic classes. By beginning this, they were able to establish a government organization and public health care system that could improve the hygiene and health of the environment around newborns. by establishing a specialty in pediatrics, contributed to the advancement of child health concerns.

Infant mortality rates decreased in certain nations throughout the world during the 20th century, and this is attributed to a number of widespread trends, scientific developments, and social initiatives. Improved sanitation, more access to healthcare, better education, and the creation of medical breakthroughs like penicillin and safer blood transfusions are a few of them. Environmental variables had to be taken into consideration as infant mortality decreased in the United States throughout the first half of the 20th century. The United States has been able to drastically lower infant mortality through expanding access to sanitation, particularly clean drinking water.

Worldwide child mortality rates have decreased as a result of efforts to increase women’s access to health care in the latter part of the 20th century. Along with increased access to legal abortion and family planning, such as IUDs and oral contraceptives, Medicaid’s introduction, which broadens access to health care, has helped to significantly lower infant mortality rates. As a result, in the 1990s, more than 5 million infant deaths per year occurred; now, that figure is fewer than 2.5 million.

Day of Child Protection: Its Importance

Numerous international agreements and decisions concern the protection of children’s rights. Additionally, it is referenced in both the 1959 United Nations General Assembly Declaration on the Rights of the Child and the 1989 Convention on the Rights of the Child. Children are one of the most vulnerable social groups in any community, according to the sources cited above.

In 1950, the first International Child Protection Day was observed. Then, on November 20, 1959, the General Assembly of the United Nations adopted its own Declaration on the Rights of Children. They replaced the original five child safety principles with 10 new ones, thus the name Universal Children’s Day. The Armenian parliament enacted a law.

This is the reason why practically all post-Soviet nations observe this day.

Top FAQs for Infant Protection Day:

1. What day of the year is Infant Protection Day?

Every year on November 7th, it is Child Protection Day.

2. How is the infant mortality rate calculated?

Divided by the resident’s total live births (over time). (often one calendar year) times 1,000.

3. What Factors Lead to Infant Death?

Baby mortality is caused by a variety of factors, such as inadequate prenatal care, poor water quality, mother and infant malnutrition, and the use of formula as a breast milk substitute. Infant mortality rates also show differences in women’s position and wealth.

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