By |07 Nov 2022 at 6:01 PM
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

On November 7, 1888, Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman was born in Tiruchirappalli, South India. His upbringing was scholarly from the start because his father was a math and physics teacher. He enrolled in the Presidency College of Madras in 1902 and earned his bachelor’s degree there in 1904. He took the test and received a gold medal and first place in physics. He earned an honorary master’s degree in 1907.

Research by Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

Early research in optics and acoustics—two subjects to which Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman devoted his whole career—took place when he was still a student.

Life Story of Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

Raman joined the Indian Ministry of Finance in 1907 because at the time it didn’t appear like his academic background would provide him with the greatest prospects. Raman got a chance to perform experimental research at the Institute of the Indian Society for the Fostering of Science in Calcutta, despite the fact that his official duties took up much of his time (he obtained his Honorary Secretary title in 1919).

He chose to take the newly created Palit Chair in Physics at the University of Calcutta when it was offered to him in 1917. Following his fifteen years in Calcutta, he spent three years (1933–1948) as a professor at the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore before becoming the founding and endowed director of the Raman Institute in Bangalore. In 1926, he also started and even currently serves as editor of the Indian Journal of Physics. Raman was instrumental in the Indian Academy of Sciences’ foundation and has held the position of president since that organization’s creation. Additionally, he founded the Academy Proceedings, where a lot of his work has been published, and he serves as the president of the Bangalore-based Current Science Association (India).

Work of Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman

The Indian Society for the Advancement of Science’s Bulletin published some of Raman’s first memoirs (Bull. , 1918, Theory of Instruments of the Violin Family). He submitted a piece on the theory of musical instruments to Handbuch der Physik, volume 8, 1928. His article on “molecular diffraction of light” was published in 1922. The radiation effect that bears his name was originally identified on February 28, 1928 (“A New Radiation”), leading to a series of successful experiments with partners that finally resulted in his being awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930.

Raman’s investigations comprise common light. Raman began investigating the spectroscopic behavior of crystals in 1948 as a novel approach to the basic issue of crystal dynamics. His lab investigates the composition and characteristics of diamonds as well as the composition and optical properties of other iridescent materials (labradorite, nacreous feldspar, agate, opal, and pearl).

His other interests included the physiology of human vision, colloidal optics, and electrical and magnetic anisotropy.

Raman is a member of scientific organizations and the recipient of various honorary doctorates. He was knighted in 1929 after being elected a Fellow of the Royal Society early in his career (1924).

Raman was knighted in 1929 and appointed head of the physics department of the Indian Institute of Science in Bangalore in 1933. In 1947, he was chosen to be the Raman Institute’s director, and in 1961, he was elected to the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. In addition to founding the Indian Journal of Physics and the Indian Academy of Sciences and filling hundreds of prominent positions in Indian and Myanmar institutions and administrations, he helped construct nearly all of the country’s research institutes at the time (Burma). trained pupils. He was the uncle of William Fowler and Chandrasekhar Subramanian, who shared the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physics.